Quick Answer: What Was Aristotle’S Main Philosophy?

What was Aristotle’s ethical theory?

Aristotle’s ethics, or study of character, is built around the premise that people should achieve an excellent character (a virtuous character, “ethikē aretē” in Greek) as a pre-condition for attaining happiness or well-being (eudaimonia)..

What is Aristotle’s definition of happiness?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What are Aristotle’s virtues?

What are Aristotle’s virtues?Courage: The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. … Temperance: The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. … Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford.Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.More items…•

Did Aristotle believe in astrology?

Aristotle’s modifications placed Greek astrology in a favorable position with Christianity by its recognition of free will, indicating God was the source, i.e. physical and moral principles were connected with the cosmos, all rationales for astrology which persisted until the seventeenth century.

What was the major contribution of Aristotle?

Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms.

What did Aristotle disagree with Plato about?

Although Plato had been his teacher, Aristotle disagreed with much of Plato’s philosophy. Plato was an idealist, who believed that everything had an ideal form. Aristotle believed in looking at the real world and studying it. … Unlike Socrates, however, Aristotle did not stand trial.

How did Aristotle contribute to philosophy?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What is the aim of human life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle’s best life for humans. According to Aristotle, the goal of a happy life is action itself, aiming to reach Eudaimonia. For Aristotle, Eudaimonia represents the ultimate goal. Every activity is performed for a certain target, which is rated individually as good and makes the best life to an active approach.

Why Is happiness the ultimate goal Aristotle?

The achievement of happiness, according to Aristotle, is the end goal of every man. His reasoning is thus: All human activities are done in order to attain something that is good. … We aim at happiness for its own sake, not because it will achieve something else. Happiness, therefore, is our greatest mission.

What was Aristotle’s philosophy?

Aristotle’s approach to ethics is teleological. If life is to be worth living, he argues, it must surely be for the sake of something that is an end in itself—i.e., desirable for its own sake.

What is good life according to Aristotle?

Aristotle argues that what separates human beings from the other animals is the human reason. So the good life is one in which a person cultivates and exercises their rational faculties by, for instance, engaging in scientific inquiry, philosophical discussion, artistic creation, or legislation.

How did people react to Aristotle’s ideas?

People were not shocked in part because acceptance of Aristotle’s views was not based on their empirical merits. Scholasts and theologians, the learned of the time, were more interested in the internal coherence of the church’s teachings, and especially their conformity with the scripture.

Who killed Aristotle?

Alexander the GreatAristotle’s Death and Legacy After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., anti-Macedonian sentiment again forced Aristotle to flee Athens. He died a little north of the city in 322, of a digestive complaint.

What according to Aristotle is the highest good?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What were Aristotle’s main beliefs?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What are 3 facts about Aristotle?

To delve further into the details of his achievements, here is a list of the top 10 facts about Aristotle.Aristotle was an orphaned at a young age. … He is the founder of zoology. … He was a tutor to royalty. … Aristotle’s life of romance. … Aristotle contributed to the classification of animals. … His contributions to Physics.More items…•