Question: What Is Pity And Fear?

What is the term for a purgation of pity and fear in the audience?

Catharsis, the purification or purgation of the emotions (especially pity and fear) primarily through art.

The use is derived from the medical term katharsis (Greek: “purgation” or “purification”)..

What are the four types of tragedy?

(5) There are four distinct kinds of tragedy, and the poet should aim at bringing out all the important parts of the kind he chooses. First, there is the complex tragedy, made up of peripeteia and anagnorisis; second, the tragedy of suffering; third, the tragedy of character; and fourth, the tragedy of spectacle.

What is the purpose of tragedy?

Tragedy imitates action and action causes spectators to experience emotions; we may speculate, then, that Aristotle supposes that tragedy aims at the emotional effects of real actions on those who see them. But mimesis has its own characteristic effects as well: learning and pleasure.

What is purgation?

1 : the act of purging specifically : vigorous evacuation of the bowels (as from the action of a cathartic or an infectious agent) 2 : administration of or treatment with a purgative.

What is purgation of emotion?

Catharsis (from Greek κάθαρσις, katharsis, meaning “purification” or “cleansing” or “clarification”) is the purification and purgation of emotions—particularly pity and fear—through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration. …

What mimesis means?

Mimesis is a term used in philosophy and literary criticism. It describes the process of imitation or mimicry through which artists portray and interpret the world. Mimesis is not a literary device or technique, but rather a way of thinking about a work of art.

What is fear According to Aristotle?

Fear is one of the emotions aroused in the audience of a tragedy. This fear results, Aristotle seems to suggest, when the audience members understand that they, as human beings bound by universal laws, are subject to the same fate that befalls the tragic hero.

How does Oedipus evoke pity and fear?

Oedipus gives expression to his feeling of sympathy when he tells the Priest that his heart is burdened by the collective suffering of all the people. The entry-song of the Chorus which follows the prologue, heightens the feelings of pity and fear.

What can Tragedy teach us?

7 Things Tragedies Are Trying To Teach YouLife is unpredictable. … Don’t take time for granted. … Appreciate the people in your life. … They open your eyes to your blessings. … They help you find your purpose in life. … They help you find your inner strength. … They bring you out of your shell.

What happens in a tragedy?

In conclusion, a tragedy is a type of drama that focuses on human suffering. The main character, the tragic hero, suffers through the story, but in the end, learns something about himself and his place in the world, a lesson that makes the suffering worth his while.

What is the significance of pity and fear in tragedy?

While it is apparent that the emotions (fear and pity) associated with the events in a tragedy are felt by the audience, it is probable that Aristotle understood pity and fear to be qualities of the action or events themselves. As the drama completes itself, it is the action that is purged of these emotional qualities.

What are the features of tragedy?

Aristotle defines tragedy according to seven characteristics: (1) it is mimetic, (2) it is serious, (3) it tells a full story of an appropriate length, (4) it contains rhythm and harmony, (5) rhythm and harmony occur in different combinations in different parts of the tragedy, (6) it is performed rather than narrated, …