Question: What Are 3 Different Areas Of The Acropolis?

What are the major parts of the Acropolis?

The four main buildings in the original plan for the Acropolis were the Propylaia, the Parthenon, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Athena Nike.

The Propylaia was the ornate entranceway into the temple complex, while the Parthenon was the central attraction..

What were three famous places in Athens?

17 Top-Rated Attractions & Things to Do in AthensThe Acropolis. The Acropolis | Photo Copyright: Lana Law. … Acropolis Museum. Acropolis Museum in the evening. … National Archaeology Museum. … The Pláka and Anafiotika Neighborhoods. … Ancient Agora: Ruins of the Marketplace. … The Roman Agora & Hadrian’s Library. … Museum of Cycladic Art. … Olympieion: Temple of Olympian Zeus.More items…•

Who destroyed the Acropolis?

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.

What’s the difference between the Acropolis and the Parthenon?

What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. … Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.

What happened to the Acropolis?

During the Greek Dark Ages (800 B.C. to 480. B.C.), the Acropolis remained largely intact. … In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis.

Who destroyed Athens?

Xerxes IThe Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.

How old is Athens?

3,400 years[atʰɛ̂ːnai̯]) is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence started somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.

What is under the Acropolis?

Beneath the Acropolis museum are the ruins of an ancient Athenian neighbourhood. Clearly visible are the remains of streets and houses, bathhouses and workshops. … By the 1970s, it became obvious that the late nineteenth century museum on the Acropolis was inadequate in all respects.

What types of architecture does the Acropolis feature?

Acropolis ArchitectureThe Parthenon.The Propylaia.The Erechtheion.The Temple of Athena Nike.The Old Temple.The Pandrosion.The Arrephorion.The Chalkotheke.More items…

Why is the Acropolis in ruins?

The most famous acropolis was in Athens. In 480 BC, the temples on top of the Acropolis were destroyed by the Persians. They were left in ruins as a war memorial. … The goddess Athena, the main patron deity of Athens, continued to be worshipped on the Acropolis, along with other gods and heroes.

How did Athens fall?

In 338 BC the armies of Philip II defeated Athens at the Battle of Chaeronea, effectively limiting Athenian independence.

Why is the Acropolis famous?

Acropolis means ‘high city’ in Greek. Most city-states in ancient Greece had at their centre a rocky mound or hill where they built their important temples and where the people could retreat to if under attack. The most famous acropolis is the one in Athens. … This temple was built for the goddess Athena.